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APA Citation tutorial

Two Types of Citation

Learning Outcome

After completing this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Create and format reference list citations in APA style.

In APA Style, there are two parts to every citation: an in-text citation and a reference list citation.

Reference list citations are longer citations that provide enough information needed to describe and find your source again, physically or online.


In-text citations are the shortened form of a reference list citation where a source is credited in your paper. It has enough information to locate its matching reference citation.

We will discuss both of these separately first and then together later. First, we will discuss reference list citations.

Media attribution:

[Smith and Gould In-text Citation Example]” from NorQuest College Library’s Intro to APA tutorials is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 International / Border added and refocused.