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APA Citation tutorial

How it All Works Together

Learning Outcome

After completing this chapter, you will be able to:

  • Create and format reference list and in-text citations in APA Style.

As we have covered, reference list citations and in-text citations should match each other. They work together to clearly indicate which sources provide support to your assignment.

image of citation information on a computer screen

image of two legs with mismatched socks

You wouldn’t want to wear mismatched socks, just like you don’t want mismatched citations!

image of two legs with matching socks

You want your in-text and reference list citations (and socks) to match each other!

*One exception is personal communication, which is cited as an in-text citation, but is not included in the reference list.*

One person talking in small group

Why? Your reader can’t access your personal experiences.

In the next activity, you will practice matching in-text citations with their reference citation.


Image attribution:

[In-Text Citation Example in Apple MAC Desktop Computer]” from NorQuest College Library’s Intro to APA tutorials is licensed under  CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 International / Added updated reference and in-text citation images.

Mismatched Socks Solidarity Day” by Rik Panganiban is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 International.

X-ray socks” by unknown author is licensed under CC BY-NC-SA 4.0 International.