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EGR 150 & 151 Engineering Design I & II

Course Guide

Government Web Sites

The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), established in 1958, is an agency within the Department of Defense (DOD) responsible for catalyzing the development of technologies that maintain and advance the capabilities and technical superiority of the U.S. military.


The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) is a private, non-profit organization that administers and coordinates the U.S. voluntary standards and conformity assessment system. Founded in 1918, the Institute works in close collaboration with stakeholders from industry and government to identify and develop standards- and conformance-based solutions to national and global priorities.

IEEE is the world’s largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology for the benefit of humanity. IEEE and its members inspire a global community through its highly cited publications, conferences, technology standards, and professional and educational activities. Often the central source for standardization in a broad range of emerging technologies, the IEEE Standards Association has an active portfolio of nearly 1,200 standards and more than 900 projects under development. This includes the prominent IEEE 802® standards for local, metropolitan, and other area networks, including Ethernet and Wireless LAN (commonly referred to as Wi-Fi®).

ISO is derived from the Greek 'isos', meaning equal. ISO is an independent, non-governmental international organization with a membership of 167 national standards bodies. Through its members, it brings together experts to share knowledge and develop voluntary, consensus-based, market relevant International Standards that support innovation and provide solutions to global challenges.

Evaluating Websites

The C.R.A A..P. Test* is a way to evaluate sources in four main categories:


Is the resource from an appropriate time?

  • When was it originally published?
  • Has it been updated or revised since then?
  • Does the time frame fit your needs?


Can you depend on the information and trust it to be accurate?

  • Did the author use any evidence, and show their sources with citations and references, or list of sources?
  • Is the spelling and grammar correct?
  • Can you verify the information through other sources?


Can you trust the source the information comes from?

  • Who is the author, and what are their credentials?
  • Who is the publisher or sponsor?
  • What does the URL end with? (.gov, .org, .edu, .com?)


The reliability, truthfulness, and correctness of the content.

  • Where does the information come from?
  • Is the information supported by evidence?
  • Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
  • Can you verify any of the information in another source?
  • Does the language or tone seem biased and free of emotion?
  • Are there spelling, grammar, or other typographical errors?

Purpose/Point of View

What is the author's motivation for publishing the resource?

  • Is the author trying to inform, persuade, sell to, or entertain you?
  • Are there advertisements or links to buy things? If so, are they marked clearly or sponsored by the resource?
  • Does the author seem objective or biased? Do they name any affiliations or conflicts of interest?


*The test was developed by librarians at California State University.

Engineering on the Web

Finding Patents